When you connect your Android phone to your Windows 10 computer, it should appear on the desktop. Sometimes, it might not appear due to a damaged USB cable or a problem related to the device driver. Check this page for troubleshooting steps that might help you fix the windows 10 does not recognize android phone problem.
If the device is not allowed for MTP connection, then probably, your Android phone will not be detected by the Windows 10 computer.
Sometimes, if you update the driver manually, Android devices show up on your computer. Otherwise, update the device driver automatically.
At times, enabling USB debugging might fix the problem. Here’s how to enable it.
Hopefully, the information was useful. Implement the steps as described above to avoid the windows 10 does not recognize android phone problem in the future.